What Shapes Space? (TMS Starting Grant)

What Shapes Space? is a Trond Mohn starting grant project, led by Karl Laundal. The project investigates the time scales of large-scale changes in geospace, and how these time scales differ between hemispheres. To do this, we use a range of different datasets: Images of the aurora taken from space, magnetometer measurements from space and ground, radar measurements from ground, particle measurements from space, etc. We have also developed a tool to merge such diverse measurements to form a complete picture of the dynamics in near Earth space. The tool is called “Local mapping of polar ionospheric electrodynamics”, and the code can be found here.

The project is led by Karl Laundal. Other team members are Spencer Hatch (researcher), Sara Gasparini (PhD student), and Margot Decotte (PhD student). The team is part of the Dynamics of the Asymmetric Geospace group of the Birkeland Center for Space Science.

S. M. Hatch, Laundal  KM and Reistad  JP (2022) Testing the mirror symmetry of Birkeland and ionospheric currents with respect to magnetic latitude, dipole tilt angle, and IMF By. Front. Astron. Space Sci. 9:958977. doi: 10.3389/fspas.2022.958977

A. Ohma, Laundal  KM, Reistad  JP and Østgaard  N (2022) Evolution of IMF By induced asymmetries during substorms: Superposed epoch analysis at geosynchronous orbit. Front. Astron. Space Sci. 9:958749. doi:

R. Elhawary, K.M. Laundal, J.P. Reistad, S.M. Hatch (2022) Possible Ionospheric Influence on Substorm Onset Location, Geophys. Res. Ltrs., doi.org/10.1029/2021GL096691

K. M. Laundal, J. P. Reistad, S. M. Hatch, M. Madelaire, S. Walker, A. Ø. Hovland, A. Ohma, V. G. Merkin, K. A. Sorathia (2022), Local mapping of polar ionospheric electrodynamics, J. Geophys. Res.: Space Physics, doi.org/10.1029/2022JA030356

K. M. Laundal, M. Madelaire, M., Ohma, A., Reistad, J. and Hatch, S. (2022), The relationship between interhemispheric asymmetries in polar ionospheric convection and the magnetic field line footpoint displacement field, Front. Astron. Space Sci. 9:957223, doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2022.957223

M. Madelaire, K. Laundal, J. Reistad, S. Hatch, A. Ohma and S. Haaland (2022), Geomagnetic Response to Rapid Increases in Solar Wind Dynamic Pressure: Event Detection and Large Scale Response, Frontiers, doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2022.904620

M. Madelaire, K. Laundal, J. Reistad, S. Hatch, A. Ohma (2022), Transient high latitude geomagnetic response to rapid increases in solar wind dynamic pressure, Frontiers, doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2022.953954

K. M. Laundal, J. H. Yee, V. G. Merkin, J. W. Gjerloev, H. Vanhamäki, J. P. Reistad, M. Madelaire, K. Sorathia, P. J. Espy (2021), Electrojet Estimates From Mesospheric Magnetic Field Measurements, J. Geophys. Res.: Space Physics, doi.org/10.1029/2020JA028644

Ohma, A., Østgaard, N., Laundal, K. M., Reistad, J. P., Hatch, S. M., Tenfjord, P. (2021), Evolution of IMF By induced asymmetries: The role of tail reconnection, J. Geophys. Res.: Space Physics, doi: 10.1029/2021JA029577

J.P. Reistad, K.M. Laundal, N. Østgaard, A. Ohma, A.G. Burrell, S.M. Hatch, S. Haaland, E.G. Thomas (2021), Quantifying the lobe reconnection rate during dominant IMF By periods and different dipole tilt orientations, J. Geophys. Res.: Space Phys., doi: 10.1029/2021JA029742



Contact: Karl.laundal at uib.no

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