Although solar forcing cannot account for the observed recent global warming many uncertainties remain regarding its contribution to present and past natural climate variability. In particular, recent studies suggest that the winter circulation patterns, such as the North Atlantic Oscillation, over the Atlantic-European region could be strongly modulated by solar variability. The mechanisms proposed to explain the climate response to variations in solar activity generally fall into two categories: Solar irradiance (total bolometric solar irradiance (TSI) or spectrally resolved solar irradiance (SSI and Energetic Particle Precipitation (EPP) from the Sun or the earth's magnetosphere.
The course– entitled Solar effects on natural climate variability in the North Atlantic and Arctic–aims to give the participants an interdisciplinary background necessary to understand the variability of sources, their impact, and the potential atmospheric feedback.
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